Tulip Grove Chapters holds meeting
Posted: Thursday, February 16, 2012 3:50 pm
Those in attendance were (front, from left) Barbara Stegall, chapter president; Regina East, second vice president national; Aline Roberts; (back) Donna Cooley, Lorraine Miller, JoAnn Birmingham, Sherry Taylor, Terry Nelson and Debbie Robertinson.
The Tulip Grove Chapter, United States Daughters of 1812, met recently at the Jackson Country Club. Chapter president Regina East, called the meeting to order.
The ritual was led by Terry Nelson. “The Pledge of Allegiance” was said in unison. Barbara Stegall led the Salute to the 1812 Flag and the Salute to the Tennessee Flag. The American Creed was said in unison.
The Purposes of the National Society were read by Donna Cooley.
On national defense, the group talked about the war in foreign countries.
The flag minute, given by Mrs. Cooley, stated when the flag is on a float it should be on a staff; if carried in a procession, it should be to the marching right of other flags
The recording secretary, Lorraine Miller, read the minutes and they were approved.
Aline Roberts gave the financial report.
Under new business, plans were discussed for the State Meeting March 8 at the Double Tree Hotel in Jackson. All members were reminded to bring a door prize for the luncheon meeting. The 1812 bookmarks and tulip stationary for the head table were shown. Pasty Weatherington was thanked for making these for the luncheon.
Delegates were elected. They were Stegall, Jennie Whitehead, Joann Birmingham, Terry Nelson and Lorraine Miller. Alternates were Weatherington and Joy Bland. Roberts is an automatic delegate due to her title as honorary state president.
Stegall gave a program on the “Battle of Horseshoe Bend.” She remarked, “Long before the battle of Horseshoe Bend, the Creek people lived in a loose confederation of towns into two groups: the Lower towns along the Chattahoochee, Flint, and Ocmulgee Rivers: and the Upper Towns along the Tallapoosa, Coosa, and Alabama Rivers.”
In 1811, Shawnee Military leader Tecumseh visited the southeastern tribes hoping to encourage them to return to their ancient traditions as well as drive the Americans from their ancestral lands. When war broke out between the United States and Great Britain in 1812, a few Creek warriors joined Tecumseh and the British in fighting the Americans. The war of 1812 in turn brought on the Creek War of 1813-14, a struggle between Creeks in both the Upper and Lower towns friendly to the Unites States and a faction in the Upper Towns called the Red Sticks, hostile towards the Americans. On July 27,1813, a small force of Mississippi Territory Militia ambushed a party of Red Sticks returning from Pensacola with Spanish ammunition and supplies at Burnt Corn Creek. On month later, on August 30, the Red Sticks retaliated by killing 250 Creek and American settlers at Fort Mims, a stockade just north of Mobile. After the Fort Mims Massacre, frontier settlers appealed to the government for help. Tennessee, Georgia and Alabama organized Militias. The governor of Tennessee appointed Andrew Jackson to lead a portion of the state’s militia into Creek country. In March 1814 Jackson fought a slow and difficult campaign. On March 26 and 27, Jackson, along with the reinforcement of 39th United States Infantry and General John Coffee with mounted infantry and Indian allies, fought the Red Sticks. More than 800 Red Stick warriors died that day, with 557 counted on the battlefield and an estimated 300 shot in the river.
The Battle of Horseshoe Bend ended the Creek War of 1813-14 and made Andrew Jackson a national hero. On Aug. 9, 1814, Andrew Jackson and a gathering of Creek chiefs signed the Treaty of Fort Jackson officially ending the Creek War and ceding nearly 23 million acres of creek land to the United States. During Jackson’s presidency, he signed the Indian Removal Act, a law providing for the removal of all the South Western tribes.