WLJT’s ‘Prohibition’ historical series explores the era of speakeasies, bootleggers and Constitutional chaos
Posted: Friday, September 30, 2011 8:02 pm
“Alcoholism has been a devastating human problem for hundreds of years, but prohibiting the sale and manufacture of alcohol did not solve it,” said Burns. “The entire history of the Constitution had been about extending liberties and freedom, until Prohibition. Its impact on our society was profound and widespread. It transformed our politics, our relationship with the government, our justice system, and our most intimate relationships.”
“We know now, of course, that Prohibition didn’t work,” said Novick. “But at the time, it really did seem like a good idea to a lot of people, who saw the Constitution as the moral foundation of American society. The unintended consequences of the 18th Amendment and the Volstead Act are stunning to contemplate, and make Prohibition an utterly relevant, cautionary tale about the dangers of believing there can ever be a quick fix for complex social problems.”
Prohibition begins with the story of America’s growing concern about alcohol abuse in the 19th century. Saloons and taverns flourished with the increasing availability of hard liquor and, with them, a culture of men that neglected and abused their wives and children in favor of liquor. Families were being destroyed and many feared that the American social fabric would disintegrate.
Women such as Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Frances Willard and Carry Nation first demanded temperance, then outright Prohibition. The hugely powerful Anti-Saloon League took up the mantle in the late 19th century, setting its sights on a Constitutional Amendment banning the sale and manufacture of alcohol. The 18th Amendment was ratified on January 16, 1919, and went into effect one year later.
For the next 13 years, America would be split by a fierce cultural divide between “wets” and “drys” as Prohibition pit the city against the countryside, Protestants against Catholics, immigrants against native-born citizens. Prohibition turned law-abiding citizens into criminals, made a mockery of the justice system, allowed illicit drinking to seem glamorous, encouraged neighborhood gangs to form national crime syndicates, permitted government officials to bend and sometimes even break the law, and fostered cynicism and hypocrisy that corroded the social contract all across the country. The film raises vital questions that are as relevant today as they were 100 years ago – about means and ends, individual rights and responsibilities, and the proper role of government. In conjunction with the broadcast, PBS and Florentine Films have partnered with the National Constitution Center on a joint initiative to foster a national conversation about “Civility and Democracy.” As part of the project, NCC and PBS will work together to develop educational materials and Web content connected to the series. A website for Prohibition is available at pbs.org/prohibition and includes selections from scripts, video outtakes and transcripts from interviews, archival footage and photographs and music, as well as educational outreach materials and lesson plans which will enable teachers to use Prohibition as a historical lens to explore the role of dissent and protest in America and the role of civic engagement in society. Full episodes will stream on the site for seven days after broadcast and clips from the film will be available on PBS’ free apps for iPad and iPhone. WETA and PBS have also launched a social media campaign designed to engage audiences online in conversations and discussions around the themes in the film. Fans can follow Ken Burns on Twitter @KenBurnsPBS or on Facebook at Facebook.com/KenBurnsPBS.
“Sex, violence, unruly women and thugs with tommy guns. Ken and Lynn have uncovered fascinating characters that will bring this era to life for viewers,” said John F. Wilson, PBS chief TV programming executive. “We at PBS are thrilled to present this story, and provide a forum for people to discuss what the lessons of Prohibition mean for us today.”